Sodium is a mineral and electrolyte essential for perspiration, healthy muscles and regulating the heart rate. When equine sodium levels are too low, the bloodstream can't hold sufficient amounts of water, causing adrenal glands to release aldosterone. A hormone that instructs the kidneys to retain sodium, aldosterone promotes potassium excretion in horses and may create an electrolyte imbalance in horses engaged in vigorous physical activity. Primary symptoms of an electrolyte imbalance include anhydrosis, tachycardia and “tying up,” which is a sign of low salt in horses and a muscular disorder, causing trembling and stiff muscles in horses.
In addition, if horse owners neglect to provide sufficient salt for horses, the horse may avoid drinking enough water, a risk factor in developing impaction colic.
Sodium and other electrolytes such as calcium, potassium, magnesium and zinc not only maintain nerve and muscle functioning and blood pH, but also provide the following equine health benefits:
Prevent your horse from suffering symptoms of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance by supplementing his diet with Kauffman’s® loose mineral salt for horses. Comprised of 50 percent potassium chloride and 50 percent sodium chloride (salt), our premium salt for horses’ feed provides two kinds of electrolytes necessary for keeping your horse healthy and active.
Potassium chloride is another electrolyte that is important to a horse's overall health. Horses involved in heavy training should have their feed supplemented with salt and minerals for horses to replenish neuromuscular nutrients lost in perspiration. Signs of a possible potassium chloride deficiency in horses include, but are not limited to, weight loss, muscle tremors, weakness and arrhythmia.
Kauffman’s® loose mineral salt for horses can be fed in one- or two-ounce increments each day per horse. Although both hay and grass contain some salt, they may not be enough for heavily perspiring horses grazing in warm weather or engaging in regularly vigorous physical activity.